Internal Code: IAH91
This assignment provides you with an opportunity to continue your critical thinking about the production of justice, this time through in-depth library research focussed on a specific criminal justice topic. You should rely primarily on evidence and commentary from published academic, criminological literature. You will be assessed on the breadth of your library research, the clarity and originality of your arguments, and the extent to which your conclusions are supported by reference to appropriate published sources. Further tips about completing this assignment successfully are included at the end of this document, as well as in the Major Essay Marking Rubric available on Moodle.
Please choose one of the following questions for your essay. Make sure you clearly identify which question you are answering in your submission to TurnItIn on Moodle.
Released in 2017, the Interim Report of the Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory stated that ‘[t]he evidence presented to the Commission so far reveals a youth detention system that is likely to leave many children and young people more damaged than when they entered’ (White and Gooda 2017: 3). With specific reference to Indigenous youths, discuss why this might be the case and what possible alternatives there may be to incarcerating young people.
As a starting point read…
Anthony, T. (2016). ‘Why are so many Indigenous kids in detention in the NT in the first place?’, The Conversation. Available at https://theconversation.com/why-are-so- many-indigenous-kids-in-detention-in-the-nt-in-the-first-place-63257
Richards, K. (2011). ‘What makes juvenile offenders different from adult offenders?’, Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 409. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Available at http://www.aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/tandi_pdf/tandi409.pdf
White, M. and Gooda, M. (2017). ‘Interim Report 31 March 2017’, Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory. Barton: Commonwealth of Australia. Available at: https://childdetentionnt.royalcommission.gov.au/about-us/Documents/RCNT-\Interim-report.pdf
The best crime prevention strategy is not always one which involves the criminal justice system, but requires engagement with broader social and public policy. Discuss in relation to the recent debate over responses to homelessness in NSW and Victoria.
As a starting point read…
Clark, C. (2017). ‘Clearing homeless camps compounds the violation of human rights and entrenches the problem’, The Conversation. Available at:
Payne, J., Macgregor, S. and McDonald, H. (2015). ‘Homelessness and housing stress among police detainees: Results from the DUMA program’, Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 492. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Available at http://www.aic.gov.au/media_library/publications/tandi_pdf/tandi492.pdf
Petty, J. (2017). ‘Ban on sleeping rough does nothing to fix the problems of homelessness’, The Conversation. Available at: https://theconversation.com/ban-on- sleeping-rough-does-nothing-to-fix-the-problems-of-homelessness-71630
Both Australia and the Netherlands have relatively stable crime rates, however, while the Netherlands are closing prisons, in Australia imprisonment rates continue to increase. Discuss why this might be the case and consider what lessons Australia might learn from Europe and Scandinavia.
As a starting point read…
Killalea, D. (2017). ‘The Netherlands to close more prisons: Here’s what Australia could learn’, news.com.au. Available at: http://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/real-life/news-life/the-netherlands-to-close-more-prisons-heres-what-australia-could-learn/news-story/5788f56ffdba69555254d4276c262406
Pratt J. (2008) ‘Scandinavian exceptionalism in an era of penal excess part 1: The nature and roots of Scandinavian exceptionalism’, British Journal of Criminology 48(2), pp. 119- 137.
Russell, S. and Baldry, E. (2017). ‘Three charts on: Australia’s prison population’, The Conversation. Available at: https://theconversation.com/three-charts-on-australias-booming-prison-population-76940
Additional tips for completing this assignment
The essay must be your own original work, expressed in your own words in order to avoid academic misconduct i.e. presenting other people’s ideas as if they were your own. For advice on academic integrity and avoiding plagiarism, see https://student.unsw.edu.au/plagiarism.
It is essential for you to use ideas and evidence from published academic sources, however, you must either re-express them in your own words, or quote short segments directly within quotation marks. In both cases, you need to indicate the source of the material, and for directly quoted passages you must also include a page number. You should refer to the School of Social Science Referencing Guide for your referencing in this assignment. The guide is available on the CRIM1011 Moodle page or the School of Social Sciences site, available at
An essential starting point is to analyse the question carefully, make sure you understand what it is asking, and break it up into the different component parts that you need to address. If you feel the need to define any terms, use criminological dictionaries such as the Sage Dictionary of Criminology (not Wikipedia or general dictionaries). For further tips on writing essays see https://student.unsw.edu.au/essay-writing-basics.
You cannot answer these complex questions off the top of your head. You can use your textbook and weekly readings, but will need to invest some time identifying additional books, reports and articles and other academic sources that provide authoritative and up- to-date information about the topic you select. The ELISE tutorial contains general tips for conducting library research, and the criminology subject guide on the library website provides useful links to help you find criminological publications. See http://subjectguides.library.unsw.edu.au/elise and
Finally, you should review the Major Essay Marking Rubric provided on the CRIM1011 Moodle site. This Rubric will be used by your marker in the assessment and evaluation of the quality of your final essay performance, and serves as a feedback mechanism for your final product.
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