Internal Code: 2IJC
Report Writing Assignment:
You will find that there are lots of different ways to approach this assessment task. You must however include in your answer some background on the significance of the field in which the author is working and a summary of the paper. This must all be done in your own words. After this, the critiquing aspect of the paper can include but not be limited to, considering some of the following questions:
A critique starts with a brief summary of what the author(s) said and then looks at it critically. To summarize an article, you should first read the whole article and related references. What are the author's main points? How does s/he/they back them up; that is, what evidence do/es the author(s) cite to support them? How could you make the same argument in your own words? At this point you should reread the article to make sure you've summarized the author’s ideas correctly and that you've clearly identified the source of each idea (whether it's a direct quote or not). It is important to review related discipline areas and identify conflicting data/results and possible alternative scientific interpretation(s).
The next step is to critically review what the author(s) wrote. Does the argument hang together? Were the methods used to gather the evidence appropriate for the author's purposes? Does the evidence cited really lead to the conclusion the author reached? Do you know of other evidence that might be used to make a counter-argument? Be sure to check the date of the article and the evidence-- are the conclusions still valid?
You should also think about the author(s). Who is/are this/these person/people? What education or experience does the author(s) have in this field? Is(are) the author(s) simply an experienced writer in many fields or does the author(s) have real expertise? How do you know? (You will need to research the author(s). Remember that with printed material, you can see the difference between different scientific journals in terms of format and content. Most journal articles are reviewed by peers and there may be editorial decisions made to alter the work: you can look up the journal related documents.
A critique can be a very useful exercise in learning how to develop protocols/procedures and gaining an understanding of the process of designing and undertaking a project, as well as interpret and write up project outcomes.